Greek stoic philosopher student of cleanthes
Cleanthes of Assos (Author of Hymn to Zeus)Cleanthes (c. 330 BC c. 230 BC), of Assos, was a Greek Stoic philosopher and the successor to Zeno as the second head (scholarch) of the Stoic school in Athens. Originally a boxer, he came to Athens where he took up philosophy, listening to Zenos lectures. He supported himself by working as water-carrier at night. After the death of Zeno, c. 262 BC, he became the head of the school, a post he held for the next 32 years. Cleanthes successfully preserved and developed Zenos doctrines. He originated new ideas in Stoic physics, and developed Stoicism in accordance with the principles of materialism and pantheism. Among the fragments of Cleanthes writings which have come down to us, the largest is a Hymn to Zeus. His pupil was Chrysippus who became one of the most important Stoic thinkers.
Hymn to Zeus Cleanthes 331-232 BC
Cleanthes sometimes referred to as Cleanthes of Assos was the second head of the Stoic school. He took over leadership of the school on the death of its founder, Zeno of Citium , in and held that position until his own death in The most important contemporary Stoic was Ariston of Chios, against whom Cleanthes defended the version of Zeno's legacy that became standard, insisting on the vital importance of logic and physics as well as ethics.
Cleanthes of Assos
Who Were The Stoic Philosophers?
Zeno was the founder of the Stoic school of philosophy, which he taught in Athens from about BC. Based on the moral ideas of the Cynics , Stoicism laid great emphasis on goodness and peace of mind gained from living a life of Virtue in accordance with Nature. It proved very popular, and flourished as one of the major schools of philosophy from the Hellenistic period through to the Roman era. Zeno was born c. Diogenes reports that Zeno's interest in philosophy began when "he consulted the oracle to know what he should do to attain the best life, and that the god's response was that he should take on the complexion of the dead. Whereupon, perceiving what this meant, he studied ancient authors. On a voyage from Phoenicia to Peiraeus he survived a shipwreck, after which he went to Athens and visited a bookseller.
This version of Internet Explorer is no longer supported. Please try a current version of IE or Firefox. Apply to be a Writer Report page Share this. In existographies , Cleanthes c. Stoicism In , Cleanthes, following the passing of Zeno, became the head of the stoic school; he was succeeded by Chrysippus BC. Every stimulus from outside is conducted from the specific sense organ excited by it to the hegemonikon, which centralizes and co-ordinates the various impressions, elevates them into consciousness and then releases the impulse reacting to the sensation. The stoics regarded the movement of the pneuma as some sort of propagation of state.
Epictetus c. Stoicism is the belief that the individual is wholly responsible for his or her interpretations of circumstance and that all of life is natural and normal in spite of one's impressions.
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Cleanthes (c. 331330 BCEc. 230229 BCE)
Stoicism originated as a Hellenistic philosophy, founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium modern day Cyprus , c. It was influenced by Socrates and the Cynics, and it engaged in vigorous debates with the Skeptics, the Academics, and the Epicureans. The name comes from the Stoa Poikile, or painted porch, an open market in Athens where the original Stoics used to meet and teach philosophy. It influenced Christianity, as well as a number of major philosophical figures throughout the ages for example, Thomas More, Descartes, Spinoza , and in the early 21st century saw a revival as a practical philosophy associated with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and similar approaches. Stoicism is a type of eudaimonic virtue ethics, asserting that the practice of virtue is both necessary and sufficient to achieve happiness in the eudaimonic sense. Classically, scholars recognize three major phases of ancient Stoicism Sedley : the early Stoa, from Zeno of Citium the founder of the school, c.
Although Cleanthes produced little that is original, he brought a religious fervour to the teachings of Zeno, stressing the belief that the universe is a living entity and that God is the vivifying ether of the universe. He wrote about 50 works, of which only fragments survive, the most important being his hymn to Zeus. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History.