Who wrote about the peloponnesian war
History of the Peloponnesian War by ThucydidesWritten four hundred years before the birth of Christ, this detailed contemporary account of the long life-and-death struggle between Athens and Sparta stands an excellent chance of fulfilling its authors ambitious claim. Thucydides himself (c.460-400 BC) was an Athenian and achieved the rank of general in the earlier stages of the war. He applied thereafter a passion for accuracy and a contempt for myth and romance in compiling this factual record of a disastrous conflict.
History of the Peloponnesian War
One of the greatest ancient historians, Thucydides c. He relied on the testimony of eyewitnesses and his own experiences as a general during the war. Though specific in detail, the questions he addressed were timeless: What makes nations go to war? How can politics elevate or poison a society? What is the measure of a great leader or a great democracy?
Thucydides , born bc or earlier? He was born about BCE. His father was an Athenian citizen who was likely of Thracian descent. Thucydides was also somehow related to the Athenian statesman and general Miltiades. Thucydides is the author of History of the Peloponnesian War , a sweeping contemporary account of the nearly three-decade conflict between Athens and Sparta for dominance of the Greek world. The eight-volume work is regarded as one of the finest works of history ever written. He explored the major personalities on each side of the conflict and examined the political origins of the clash between Sparta and an ascendant Athens.
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Thucydides has been dubbed the father of " scientific history " by those who accept his claims to have applied strict standards of impartiality and evidence-gathering and analysis of cause and effect, without reference to intervention by the deities, as outlined in his introduction to his work. He also has been called the father of the school of political realism , which views the political behavior of individuals and the subsequent outcomes of relations between states as ultimately mediated by, and constructed upon, the emotions of fear and self-interest. More generally, Thucydides developed an understanding of human nature to explain behaviour in such crises as plagues , massacres , and civil war. In spite of his stature as a historian, modern historians know relatively little about Thucydides's life. The most reliable information comes from his own History of the Peloponnesian War , in which he mentions his nationality, paternity, and birthplace.