Facts about the french revolution war
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10 Interesting Facts About The French Revolution
French Revolution was one of the greatest revolutions of all time. You think people were cruel to behead their King and queen? Read the facts to know what they had to endure before they took this step. The revolution ended in It is during this revolution that Napoleon Bonaparte rose to fame and power. While that was the primary reason, there were other reasons as well. Those reasons that led to French Revolution of are mentioned below:.
The French Revolution was a decade-long struggle between the classes, beginning in and ending with a familiar face in history, Napoleon Bonaparte. Conditions before the Revolution were so bad that France was bordering on bankruptcy, and many of the poor starved to death. Spurred on by these factors, on the morning of July 14, , members of the Third Estate stormed the Bastille, a political prison in Paris, in search of gunpowder. The Bastille, though only housing seven prisoners, was a symbol of government tyranny at the time. The assault on the Bastille is now considered a flashpoint of the Revolution, and is still celebrated today in France. The infamous Marquis de Sade had been transferred out of the Bastille just 10 days before the prison was stormed.
The French Revolution had general causes common to all the revolutions of the West at the end of the 18th century and particular causes that explain why it was by far the most violent and the most universally significant of these revolutions. The first of the general causes was the social structure of the West. The feudal regime had been weakened step-by-step and had already disappeared in parts of Europe. The increasingly numerous and prosperous elite of wealthy commoners—merchants, manufacturers, and professionals, often called the bourgeoisie —aspired to political power in those countries where it did not already possess it. The peasants , many of whom owned land, had attained an improved standard of living and education and wanted to get rid of the last vestiges of feudalism so as to acquire the full rights of landowners and to be free to increase their holdings.
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Peasants were unhappy with the depletion of royal coffers, two decades of poor harvests, drought, cattle disease and skyrocketing bread prices. Peasants had heavy taxes imposed on them while the Catholic Church got off scot-free. They expressed this resentment through riots, loots and strikes. The king called for the Estates-General in order to garner support for these measures and forestall a growing aristocratic revolt. The last time such an assembly was formed was in The dynamic of the French population had changed considerably since The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent of the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies.
Long before the Revolution, the monarchy was subject to public derision, namely through racy pamphlets known as libelles. The reasons why the couple appeared not to have consummated their marriage during its first seven years being a popular topic for speculation. Even then, women had a harder time with the media than men and Marie Antoinette bore the brunt of the attacks. In taking the Tennis Court Oath they swore not to disperse until they had drafted a constitution for France , with or without the participation of the clergy and nobility. In most imaginations, when the guards of the Bastille were overwhelmed on July 14 th , , a flood of wrongly interred prisoners poured into the streets of Paris. The real scale of the breakout, however, is somewhat disappointing: only seven people were being held captive at the time.